Africa Facts Zone presents Victoria Falls. Awe-inspiring beauty and grandeur are on display at Victoria Falls, which forms the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. At that time, the Kololo tribe that lived nearby called it “Mosi-oa-Tunya” (literally, “The Smoke that Thunders”).
Victoria Falls: Facts and Information
The Zambezi River creates the world’s largest sheet of falling water when it crashes over a basalt rock ledge and plunges 354 feet (108 metres) into a strong vortex.
The thunderous sound of the pouring water can be heard for up to 25 miles (40 kilometres) distant. Mist can float high above Niagara Falls on a wind-free day during the high-water season, which spans from February to July depending on the rain. This is certainly an amazing natural phenomenon.
More than 500 million cubic metres of water per minute pour over the cliff’s edge and into a 100-meter-deep gorge below during the rainy season, creating columns of spray that can be seen from miles away.
When measured in terms of height and width, Victoria Falls ranks as the world’s greatest sheet of falling water based on its combined 1,708-metre (5,604-foot) and 108-metre (354-foot) width and height, respectively.
In comparison to Niagara Falls in the United States, Victoria Falls is nearly twice the height and nearly double the width of Horseshoe Falls. Only Iguazu Falls in Argentina and Brazil are larger in both height and width than Victoria Falls. See the table below for comparisons.
Victoria Falls Wild Animals
Alluvial flatlands are dominated by mopane while the woodlands are home to species of acacia, teak and ivory palm (Colophospermum mopane).
Hippopotamuses and Klipspringers (a type of antelope) can be found near the falls, while elephants, giraffes, zebras, gnus (wildebeest), lions and leopards can be found in the woodlands and grasslands. Falcons, eagles, and buzzards call the rocky cliffs home.