Archaeologists recently stated that they believe they may have discovered the answers on how the Pyramids of Egypt were Built. Following the discovery of a ramp that they believe was used to pull alabaster.
Visitors to Egypt come to see the Step Pyramid in Saqqara, which is one of the country’s many architectural treasures that draw them there. It is the world’s oldest pyramid, having been built in 2700 B.C. under the supervision of the renowned architect Imhotep.
The building, which contains King Djoser’s burial chamber and was constructed entirely of stone rather than mud bricks, was the tallest structure in Egypt at the time of its construction and is considered to be the country’s first significant stone structure.
How the Pyramids of Egypt were Built
For centuries, mudbrick was the primary building material for tombs and other major structures, until Imhotep discovered a “more adaptable” building material in the form of stone. “Stone gave him the confidence to stack tombs on top of one another, resulting in the construction of the first pyramid in the shape of a series of gigantic steps,” according to a PBS documentary.
Pharaohs in Egypt, believing that they would be elevated to the status of gods in the hereafter, prepared for the next world by creating temples to the gods and massive pyramid tombs for themselves in preparation for the afterlife. The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt is the most famous of the surviving pyramids, although there are more than 100 of them still standing. It was constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Khufu and is still considered to be one of the most amazing triumphs of human achievement.
When it comes to interpreting Africa’s past and present, ancient Egypt has frequently served as the primary point of reference. Many people are still perplexed as to how the ancient Egyptians were able to construct such massive monuments as the pyramids utilising such primitive technology.
It has been established that people who worked on the Giza pyramid project had to raise more than two million blocks to a height of 40 stories in fewer than 30 years, at a rate of one block every three minutes, to achieve the desired height. After all is said and done, many people are still baffled as to how these pyramids were constructed.
Also Read: The Great Pyramid of Egypt
A New Discovery of How the Pyramids were Built
Archaeologists recently stated that they believe they may have discovered the answers. Following the discovery of a ramp that they believe was used to pull alabaster blocks of stone up the Pyramids using a two-way pulley system, according to the BBC, the team decided to go on. They uncovered the ramp system’s remnants at an ancient alabaster quarry at Hatnub, which is located in Egypt’s Eastern Desert, thanks to a collaboration between the French Institute for Oriental Archaeology in Cairo and Liverpool University’s School of Archaeology.
According to Live Science, the ramp system dates back at least as far as the era of Pharaoh Khufu and is comprised of stairways and pits, among other features.
Live Science spoke with Yannis Gourdon, co-director of the joint mission at Hatnub and an expert on the system’s construction. “This system is composed of a central ramp flanked by two staircases with numerous post holes,” Gourdon explained. In ancient Egypt, alabaster stones were pulled out of the quarry on extraordinarily steep slopes of 20 percent or more by using a sled that carried a stone block and was tied with ropes to these wooden posts,” according to the National Geographic.
In the past, archaeologists acknowledged that workers at the pyramids utilised a ramp system to lift stone blocks up the pyramid, but they were unsure how the system operated until they discovered this discovery.
Although some academics believe that this process was employed to build the pyramids, others believe that there is no evidence to support this claim. That is to say, even if the ramp system discovered in the alabaster quarry provides numerous clues regarding the technological expertise of Egyptians at the time, it does not provide a definitive answer to the fundamental question of how the pyramids were constructed.
As reported by history.com, “We truly don’t know [their] process of cutting strong stones like red granite.” Kara Cooney, a professor of Egyptian art and architecture at the University of California at Los Angeles, was quoted as saying. “And we’re still baffled as to how the ancient Egyptians were able to raise blocks weighing hundreds of tonnes up the slopes of the pyramids.”
Despite the fact that scientists are unable to determine how the pyramids were constructed, they have learned a great deal about the people who built them. Although it is often thought that the pyramids were built with slave labour, there are no archaeological evidence to support this theory. Many scholars agree that the pyramids were constructed by highly competent Egyptian workers who were well-fed, well-organized, and well-managed at the highest levels.
“It’s possible that villages across Egypt contributed employees, as well as food and other needs, for what became in some ways a national project to display the wealth and control of the ancient pharaohs,” according to a National Geographic article on the Pyramids at Gaza.