Hellenic visitors going through Persia, Babylonia, and Egypt first selected the 7 wonders of the world ancient. Travel guides, artwork, and poetry were all filled with mentions of these constructions.
As early as the fifth century B.C.E., there were lists of marvels, but the most renowned example was established by the second-century Greek poet Antipater of Sidon.
There are numerous ancient civilizations in Africa, Europe and Asia, as well as the Americas, whose accomplishments were unknown to the Hellenic people but whose engineering prowess is as impressive.
Although the 7 wonders of the world ancient are still recognized today, they highlight the ephemeral nature of even the finest physical achievements—nature, human conduct, and the passage of time have destroyed all except one.
A List of the 7 Wonders of the world ancient
- Hanging Gardens Of Babylon
- Statue Of Zeus At Olympia
- Mausoleum At Halicarnassus
- Temple Of Artemis
- Lighthouse Of Alexandria
- Colossus Of Rhodes
- The Great Pyramid Of Giza
Hanging Gardens Of Babylon
In what is now Iraq, the Babylonians are said to have built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the 7 wonders of the world ancient. which had 320-foot-high exterior walls and a length of 56 miles with an average thickness of 80 feet.
No archeological evidence has ever confirmed this claim. The irrigation system, which used a pump, waterwheel, and cisterns to lift river water into the air, would have required enormous maintenance just to keep it running.
Built around 600 BCE, it was likely destroyed by an earthquake in the first century BCE, which is when King Nebuchadnezzar II is said to have built it as a solution to alleviate his wife’s longing for her native Media (what is now northern Iran and southeast Turkey).
For centuries, historians have debated whether or not these enormous gardens ever existed.
The 7 Wonders of the World Ancient : Olympia’s Zeus Statue
One of the largest statues in Greece and the 7 wonders of the world ancient., the Statue of Zeus at Olympia stood at over 40 feet tall and took up the whole nave of Greece’s Olympian Temple.
This magnificent temple was erected just to accommodate it.
It stood nearly as tall as the temple and was adorned with gold and ivory. Founded in 435 BCE by Greek artist Phidias, the temple remained open for eight centuries until being shut down by Christian priests in the fourth century.
In the absence of any evidence, it is widely assumed that the statue was dismantled and transported to Constantinople, where it was destroyed by fire in the 5th and 6th century CE.
The Halicarnassus Mausoleum
To honor Mausolus, the Persian satrap (or governor) who ruled over what is now western Turkey, the Mausolus Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was constructed.
The tomb, which was constructed in 351 BCE by Persians and Greeks, was around 135 feet high.
Many people believe that the complex’s three-layered white marble building incorporates elements of Lycian, Greek, and Egyptian architecture.
At the summit of the pyramid was a statue of four horses and their chariots, which sat on a 60-foot foundation of stone stairs. As a result of this enormous tomb, the term “mausoleum” has come to be associated with it.
Over the years, the construction was subjected to several earthquakes, but it was finally destroyed by a huge quake in 1494 CE, although its ruins were eventually repurposed to buttress a neighboring castle.
Beginning in AD 1203, Croesus of Lydia began building on Ephesus’ Temple of Artemis, one of the 7 wonders of the world ancient.
The temple was built at Ephesus, a Greek city located in modern-day Turkey, and was made up of a sequence of altars and temples.
There have been at least three different attempts to rebuild the temple after it was destroyed by water, arson, and invasion.
A crowd headed by Christian bishop St. John Chrysostom demolished the temple for the last time in 401 CE.
In 1869 CE, an expedition headed by John Turtle Wood uncovered the columns of the temple submerged on the bottom of the Cayster River.
Also Read: What is the 7 Wonders of the World
Alexandria’s Leper Colony Lighthouse
One of the world’s highest artificial buildings was the Lighthouse of Alexandria one of the 7 wonders of the world ancient (also known as Pharos of Alexandria), which stood at 390 to 450 feet tall.
As part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Hellenistic Egypt and created by Greek architect Sostratos in the third century BCE, it was used to direct ships into and out of the Nile River port.
” Caesar talked on the significance of the lighthouse in Egypt’s harbor control during his invasion of the country.
By analyzing the coinage depicting the lighthouse, archeologists have concluded that it had three levels, each of which had a different shape, indicating that the lighthouse was likely three-tiered.
Above it stood a statue that was 16-feet tall and most likely was a portrayal of Ptolemy II or Alexander the Great.
Three earthquakes led to its collapse and the remnants were used to create the Citadel of Qaitbay in its stead in the 13th century.
French archaeologists discovered the lighthouse’s ruins at the bottom of Alexandria’s port in 1994, making it one of just a handful of the Seven Wonders of the World still accessible to divers today.
The 7 Wonders of the World Ancient: Known as Rhodes’ Colossus
The Colossus of Rhodes, a massive monument of the Greek titan-god Helios and one of the 7 wonders of the world ancient., was almost the same scale as New York’s Statue of Liberty, which rises 151 feet from the ground to its torch.
This 100-foot-tall figure, created by the artist Chares of Lindos, was the highest in its day.
In ancient times, they were thought to be depictions of the sun deity standing bare-chested, carrying a torch and a spear in his hands.
The catastrophic earthquake of 226 BC completely destroyed this building, which was constructed in Hellenistic Greece somewhere between 292 and 280 BCE.
After an Arab invasion of Rhodes, the remnants of the monument were taken and sold as scrap metal, destroying all traces of the statue’s real location.
Giza’s Great Pyramid
The Great Pyramid of Giza was erected by the Ancient Egyptians between 2650 and 2500 BCE as one of a sequence of royal tombs.
One of the most striking features of Khufu’s pyramid is that it has been dubbed the Great Pyramid and one of the 7 wonders of the world ancient.
An estimated 2 million stone blocks weighing between 2 and 30 tons each are spread across 13 acres of desert.
A layer of polished white stone and maybe a solid gold capstone on top, both of which have been robbed long ago, made it much more spectacular when it was first erected.
Researchers believe log rollers and a variety of other implements may have been employed to move stones into position.
Modern archaeologists assume that most of the hidden valuables were taken soon after construction, despite the presence of narrow passages and concealed rooms on the interior.